June 01, 2007
PUBLIC FINANCE > Budget > FY 2008

Budget Conference Committee: Limiting the Use of Reserves

"How long will the luck hold? For the past three fiscal years the Legislature has passed budgets which depended on reserves to achieve balance. In each case tax revenues came in better than forecast, largely because of capital gains, eliminating the need to actually deplete the reserves. This scenario is playing out once again in the House-Senate conference committee deliberating the fiscal 2008 state budget. The House budget plans to draw on almost $700 million in reserves and the Senate $500 million. The Senate includes more optimistic assumptions about non-tax revenues so its spending total is only $65 million less than the House despite the $200 million smaller dependence on reserves. The Commonwealth received some good news in May with tax collections through 11 months now almost $250 million above the most recent fiscal 2007 benchmark of $19.3 billion. Should June collections meet expectations, the state would enter fiscal 2008 with higher-than-expected baseline revenues, which would reduce next year's projected draw on reserves. Nevertheless, unlike 42 states which are experiencing cash surpluses, Massachusetts is debating how much to dip into reserves during an economic recovery. The state's job growth has been anemic, and Massachusetts actually lost 1,600 jobs in April and May. Under these circumstances it is critical for the conference committee to reach agreement on a bottom line that is closer to the Ways and Means budgets than the spending added during floor debate. The House added $204 million and the Senate $35 million during budget debate, but the Senate Ways and Means budget was already $100 million higher than House Ways and Means. Both the House and Senate have taken the wise course of rejecting the Governor's package of corporate tax increases, which would further undercut the creation of jobs and thus exacerbate the state's long-term fiscal problems. Furthermore, it is doubtful that these tax changes would produce the hundreds of millions of dollars claimed by the administration. The larger challenge facing the state is to create the jobs which will produce the tax revenues to fund investments in education, health care, transportation and other critical areas. "